Association of claims-based quality of care measures with outcomes among community-dwelling vulnerable elders.

Authors
Zingmond DS, Ettner SL, Wilber KH, Wenger NS.
Background
Few studies examine the link between measured process of care and outcome.
Objective
To evaluate the relationship of claims-based assessment of process of care to subsequent function and survival.
Research Design
Retrospective cohort study using claims from 1999 to assess performance on 41 quality indicators (QIs) from the Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE) measurement set on functional decline and death in 2000.
Setting
Community-dwelling individuals.
Subjects
All persons ≥75 years enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid in 19 California counties in 1998 and 1999 who received In Home Supportive Services.
Measures
Quality of care index, activities of daily living, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) need indices, mortality.
Results
Total 21,310 persons were eligible for a mean of 7.1 QIs; and received 46% of recommended care. The ADL index increased from 8.1 to 11.6 between baseline and follow-up. The IADL index increased from 13.6 to 14.1. Fifteen percent of the cohort died in 2000. After accounting for number of QIs triggered, baseline function and other covariates, better quality was associated with better function at follow-up. Ten percent better quality was associated at follow-up with 0.21 lower ADL need score [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.25-0.17], 0.022 lower IADL need score (95% CI, 0.032-0.013), and lower odds of death (0.91; 95% CI, 0.89 to 0.93).
Conclusions
Routinely collected data implementing ACOVE measures for community vulnerable elders generate quality scores that are directly related to patient functional and survival outcomes. These findings suggest that population-based assessment of care is feasible for vulnerable older persons.

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Special Thanks to Judith D. Tamkin

We are sincerely appreciative to Judith D. Tamkin for her gift to help establish the USC Center on Elder Mistreatment’s website. Her deep and personal commitment to eradicating elder abuse is helping to reshape our understanding of elder abuse and ultimately save innumerable older adults from abuse and neglect.